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原标题:一百天英语行动,双语阅读

浏览次数:67 时间:2019-05-03

"A woman only wears makeup for those who appreciate her."

为了更好地从新闻视角学习英语翻译,同时也让作为全职妈妈的自己接收更多信息,与外界保持联通,几日前订阅了ChinaDaily 手机报。

The Caliph, Cupid and the Clock by O. Henry

“女为悦己者容。”

记笔记并加以应用是让鲜活的知识在脑海里保鲜更久的不二法诀。因此,我在阅读的同时,习惯画一画,记一记,提炼其中的精华。

21 April, 2017We present the short story "The Caliph, Cupid and the Clock" by O. Henry. The story was originally adapted and recorded by the U.S. Department of State.

It is ancient saying from the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) that has been ingrained in Chinese people's minds for generations.

好资源大家享。为了在利己的同时也让更多英语爱好者汲取营养,今后将不定期推出手机报笔记。

Prince Michael of Valleluna sat in the park on the seat he liked best. In the coolness of the night, he felt full of life. The other seats were not filled. Cool weather sends most people home.
The moon was rising over the houses on the east side of the park. Children laughed and played. Music came softly from one of the nearer streets. Around the little park, cabs rolled by. The trains that traveled high above the street rushed past. These cabs and trains, with their wild noises, seemed like animals outside the park. But they could not enter. The park was safe and quiet. And above the trees was the great, round, shining face of a lighted clock in a tall old building.
Prince Michael's shoes were old and broken. No shoemaker could ever make them like new again. His clothes were very torn. The hair of his face had been growing for two weeks. It was all colors—gray and brown and red and green-yellow. His hat was older and more torn than his shoes and his other clothes.
Prince Michael sat on the seat he liked best, and he smiled. It was a happy thought to him that he had enough money to buy every house he could see near the park, if he wished. He had as much gold as any rich man in this proud city of New York. He had as many jewels, and houses, and land. He could have sat at table with kings and queens. All the best things in the world could be his—art, pleasure, beautiful women, honor. All the sweeter things in life were waiting for Prince Michael of Valleluna whenever he might choose to take them. But instead he was choosing to sit in torn clothes on a seat in a park.
For he had tasted of the fruit the tree of life. He had not liked the taste. Here, in this park, he felt near to the beating heart of the world. He hoped it would help him to forget that taste.
These thoughts moved like a dream through the mind of Prince Michael. There was a smile across his face with its many-colored hair. Sitting like this, in torn clothes, he loved to study other men. He loved to do good things for others. Giving was more pleasant to him than owning all his riches. It was his chief pleasure to help people who were in trouble. He liked to give to people who needed help. He liked to surprise them with princely gifts. But he always gave wisely, after careful thought.
And now, as he looked at the shining face of the great clock, his smile changed. The Prince always thought big thoughts. When he thought of time, he always felt a touch of sadness. Time controlled the world. People had to do what time commanded. Their comings and goings were always controlled by a clock. They were always in a hurry, and always afraid, because of time. It made him sad.
After a little while, a young man in evening clothes came and sat upon a seat near the Prince. For half an hour he sat there nervously. Then he began to watch the face of the lighted clock above the trees. The Prince could see that the young man had a trouble. He could also see that somehow the clock was part of the trouble.
The Prince rose and went to the young man's seat.
"I am a stranger, and I shouldn't speak to you," he said. "But I can see that you are troubled. I am Prince Michael of Valleluna. I do not want people to know who I am. That is why I wear these torn clothes. It is a small pleasure of mine to help those who need help. First I must feel sure they are worth helping. I think you are. And perhaps your trouble may be ended if you and I together decide what to do about it."
The young man looked up brightly at the Prince. Brightly, but he was still troubled. He laughed, then, but still the look of trouble remained. But he accepted this chance to talk to someone.
"I'm glad to meet you, Prince," he said pleasantly. "Yes, I can see you don't want to be known. That's easy to see. Thanks for your offer to help. But I don't see what you can do. It's my own problem. But thanks."
Prince Michael sat down at the young man's side. People often said no to him, but they always said it pleasantly.
"Clocks," said the Prince, "are tied to the feet of all men and women. I have seen you watching that clock. That face commands us to act, whether or not we wish to act. Let me tell you not to trust the numbers on that face. They will destroy you if they can. Stop looking at that clock. What does it know about living men and women?"
"I usually don't look at that clock," said the young man. "I carry a watch, except when I wear evening clothes."
"I know men and women as I know the trees and the flowers," said the Prince, warmly and proudly. "I have studied many years. And I am very rich. There are few troubles that I cannot help. I have read what is in your face. I have found honor and goodness there, and trouble. Please accept my help. I can see that you are wise. Show how wise you are. Do not judge me by my torn clothes. I am sure I can help you."
The young man looked at the clock again, and his face grew darker. Then he looked at a house beside the park. Lights could be seen in many rooms.
"Ten minutes before nine!" said the young man. He raised his hands and then let them fall, as if hope had gone. He stood up and took a quick step or two away.
"Remain!" commanded Prince Michael. His voice was so powerful that the young man turned quickly. He laughed a little.
"I'll wait ten minutes and then I'll go," he said in a low voice, as if only to himself. Then to the Prince he said, "I'll join you. We'll destroy all the clocks. And women, too."
"Sit down," said the Prince softly. "I do not accept that. I do not include women. Women are enemies of clocks. They are born that way. Therefore they are friends of those who wish to destroy clocks. If you can trust me, tell me your story."
The young man sat down again and laughed loudly.
"Prince, I will," he said. He did not believe that Prince Michael was really a prince. His manner of speaking proved that. "Do you see that house, Prince? That house with lights in three windows on the third floor? At six tonight I was in that house with the young lady I am going to—was going to marry. I'd been doing wrong, my dear Prince, and she heard about it. I was sorry. I wanted her to forget it. We are always asking women to forget things like that, aren't we, Prince?
" ‘I want time to think,' she said. ‘I will either forget it forever, or never see your face again. At half-past eight,' she said, ‘watch the middle window on the third floor of this house. If I decide to forget, I will hang out a long white cloth. You will know then that everything is as it was before. And you may come to me. If you see nothing hanging from the window, you will know that everything between us is finished forever.'
"That," said the young man, "is why I have been watching that clock. The time was passed twenty-three minutes ago. Do you see why I am a little troubled, my torn Prince?"
"Let me tell you again," said Prince Michael in his soft voice, "that women are the born enemies of clocks. Clocks are bad, women are good. The white cloth may yet appear."
"Never!" said the young man, hopelessly. "You don't know Marian. She is always on time, to the minute. That was the first thing I liked about her. At 8:31, I should have known that everything was finished. I'm going to go West. I'll get on the train tonight. I'll find some way to forget her. Good night—Prince."
Prince Michael smiled his gentle, understanding smile. He caught the other's arm. The bright light in the Prince's eyes was softening. It was dream-like, clouded.
"Wait," he said, "till the clock tells the hour. I have riches and power and I am wiser than most men. But when I hear the clock tell the hour, I am afraid. Stay with me till then. This woman shall be yours. You have the promise of the Prince of Valleluna. On the day you are married I will give you $100,000 and a great house beside the Hudson River. But there must be no clocks in that house. Do you agree to that?"
"Sure," said the young man. "I don't like clocks."
He looked again at the clock above the trees. It was three minutes before nine.
"I think," said Prince Michael, "that I will sleep a little. It has been a long day."
He lay down on the seat, as if he had often done it before.
"You'll find me on this park on any evening when the weather is good," said the Prince. "Come to me when you know the day you'll be married. I'll give you the money."
"Thanks, Prince," said the young man. "That day isn't going to come. But thanks."
Prince Michael fell into a deep sleep. His hat rolled on the ground. The young man lifted it, placed it over the Prince's face, and moved one of the Prince's legs into an easier position. "Poor fellow!" he said. He pulled the torn coat together over the Prince's body.
It was nine. Loud and surprising came the voice of the clock, telling the hour. The young man took a deep breath, and turned for one more look at the house. And he gave a shout of joy.
From the middle window on the third floor, a snow-white wonderful cloth was hanging.
Through the park a man came, hurrying home.
"Will you tell me the time, please?" asked the young man.
The other man took out his watch. "Twenty-nine and a half minutes after eight."
And then he looked up at the clock.
"But that clock is wrong!" the man said. "The first time in ten years! My watch is always—"
But he was talking to no one. He turned and saw the young man running toward the house with three lighted windows on the third floor.
And in the morning two cops walked through the park. There was only one person to be seen—a man, asleep on a long park seat. They stopped to look at him.
"It's Michael the Dreamer," said one. "He has been sleeping like this in the park for twenty years. He won't live much longer, I guess."
The other cop looked at something in the sleeper's hand. "Look at this," he said. "Fifty dollars. I wish I could have a dream like that."
And then they gave Prince Michael of Valleluna a hard shake, and brought him out of his dreams and into real life.
Download activities to help you understand this story here.
Now it's your turn to use the words in this story. Do you feel that you are often in a hurry? How often do you stop to enjoy the world around you? Let us know in the comments section or on 51VOA.COM.

这句古语从汉代(公元前206年至公元220年)流传至今,早就在中国人的思想中根深蒂固。

以下为2018年3月14日晚报中英双语精华。


In ancient China, the styles and colors of women's clothes were often connected with men's taste.

一.【霍金逝世】

****Words in This Story****
prince n. a male member of a royal family
cab(s) – n. a car that carries passengers to a place for an amount of money that is based on the distance traveled
beatingv. to make the regular movements needed to pump blood
comings and goingsidm. the activity of people arriving at and leaving a place
nervouslyadv. done in a way showing feelings of being worried and afraid about what might happen
pleasantly - adv. done in a way that is friendly and likable
hopelesslyadv. done in a way that shows no feeling of hope
cop(s) - n. a person whose job is to enforce laws, investigate crimes, and make arrests

在古代中国,女性服装的款式和颜色通常是由男性的品味决定的。

1. 著名物理学家霍金去世

Emperors' personal choices largely decided what would be fashionable. If the clothes, makeup or hairstyle of a concubine got special appreciation from an emperor, her style would be a trend that was followed by both the noble and common women.

Stephen Hawking dies aged 76

皇帝的个人审美很大程度上决定了时尚的动向。如果一个妃子的服饰、妆容和发型格外讨皇上欢心,那么她的打扮就会成为潮流,受到贵族和平民女性的追捧。

注:这是新闻标题,因此句末不加标点。

Sometimes, the makeup and dress styles of popular prostitutes also influenced the nobles and royals.

语言点:sb dies aged XX,表示“某人逝世,享年XX岁”。也可以写成,sb passes away at the age of XX。

有时候,名妓的妆容和发型也会影响皇亲贵族的审美。

2. 英国物理学家、《时间简史》作者斯蒂芬·霍金(见图)去世,享年76岁。

Nowadays, clothes are more like a way to show the wearer's taste and character.

Stephen Hawking(see photo), the British physicist and author of "A Brief History of Time", has passed away at the age of 76. 

如今,着装更多是一种显示穿衣者品味和个性的方式。

注:see photo 可以直接用 pictured 代替。BBC Breaking News 昨日关于霍金逝世的一篇报道中就是这么应用的,如:

To a large number of Chinese women who are "working girls" and "working mothers", dressing up for men has become an old story.

As he was preparing to marry his first wife Jane (pictured), doctors predicted he did not have longto live.

对于大部分中国“职业女性”或“职场母亲”而言,“女为悦己者容”已经成为历史。

图片 1

However, not all of them think the same way.

BBC新闻插图

然而,不是所有女性都是这么认为的。

3.他曾说过:'如果宇宙不是你所爱之人的家园,那它也不过如此

Recently, a fashion trend named "easy to get married" style has sparked a series of debates on the internet since November.

It would not be much of a universe if it wasn't home to the people you love.

从去年11月起,一种名为“好嫁风”的时尚风格在网上引发了一系列争论。

语言点:“不过如此” not be much of sth。

“好嫁风”起源于日本,运用冰淇淋色、毛球和蝴蝶结来突显女性的温柔清纯。以下是这种风格的几个主要特征:

二. 【'天眼'发现11颗新脉冲星】

图片 2

1.'天眼'发现11颗新脉冲星

  1. It's important to show the shape of the legs and arms.

FAST identifies 11 pulsars

重点在于展现腿部和手臂线条。

语言点:将“发现”译为 identify。identify表示“识别,辨别”。为了避免重复,下文也用到 discover。

  1. Breasts should be fully hidden to avoid looking vulgar.

三. 【美国务卿蒂勒森遭解雇】

为了不显得低俗,胸部应该完全遮好。

1. 美国总统唐纳德·特朗普解除了国务卿雷克斯·蒂勒森的职务,由中央情报局局长迈克·蓬佩奥接任

  1. One's hair is often dyed dark brown as a softer alternative to dull black.

US President Donald Trump has fired Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, and is replacinghim with Mike Pompeo, chief of the Central Intelligence Agency.

通常以更温柔的深棕色代替乌黑的发色。

语言点:原句中的“解除……职务”和“由……接任”(即,委任……)这两个都是同一个人发出的,因此译文中巧用 replace with 将两个句子整合成一句。

  1. Jewelry and other accessories should be fine and small, and never too big or with weird shapes.

2. 现年65岁的前埃克森美孚首席执行官蒂勒森的离任是迄今特朗普内阁最大的人事变动

首饰和其他饰品要小巧精致,形状不能太夸张古怪。

The resignation of the 65-year-old former CEO of Exxon Mobil is the biggest shakeup of the Trump Cabinet so far.

  1. A lipstick the color of red bean paste, rather than bright red, is a better choice to seal the look.

语言点:“人事变动”shakeup。“离任”resign,在正式场合使用。不那么正式的话,可以选用 quit 或 leave,如 quit / leave a job。与“辞职”相对的“解雇”,除了使用 fire,还可以选择 dismiss。

相比于大红色的口红,豆沙色是更好的选择,这是“好嫁风”的标志。

图片 3

People have suggested that wearers should speak softly and smile often to look cuter in such a style.

(韦氏词典中 resign 释义截图)

有人认为,“好嫁风”打扮的女性讲话要温柔,笑起来要更可爱。

图片 4

The look of Japanese actress Satomi Ishihara in the 2014 TV drama?Heartbroken Chocolatier?was rated by netizens as a typical example of what "easy to get married" looks like.

(韦氏词典中 dismiss 释义截图)

日本女演员石原里美2014年在电视剧《失恋巧克力职人》中的造型被网友视为“好嫁风”的代表。

四.【'好嫁风'引疯狂吐槽】

图片 5

1. 一种名为"好嫁风"的时尚风潮在网上引发了一系列争论

The whole ensemble for the style implies the message, "I am nice, soft and pure, and also easygoing," which aligns with the values of a "good woman" in traditional Asian culture.

A fashion trend named "easy to get married" style has sparked a series of debateson the internet.

这种风格从头到脚传递的信息就是“我很漂亮,很温柔清纯,也很好相处”。这与传统亚洲文化中“好女子”的价值观相符。

语言点:“引发……争论”spark debates。

But intentionally following the style to win popularity among men was soon attacked by young Chinese people on the internet.

2. "好嫁风"起源于日本,指大量运用冰淇淋色、毛球和蝴蝶结来突显女性的温柔清纯。

但很快,为了赢得男性欢心而刻意追求“好嫁风”的做法在网上遭到中国年轻人的抨击。

Originally from Japan, the style highlights a woman's femininity and purity through liberal use of ice cream colors, faux fur and bow knots. 

Chen Cangcang, a young fashion blogger, posted a story on Douban titled Following 'Easy to Get Married' Style is the Most Cheesy Thing I Can Imagine.

语言点:原句中的“指”在译句中并没有被生硬地翻译为 means 或 refers to,而是在梳理句子的结构之后,提炼出真正的谓语动词“突显”,因此使用了 highlight。英语中表示“突显”的词还有:emphasize、accentuate等。

时尚博主陈苍苍在网上发布了一篇名为“追求「好嫁风」,是我能想到最土最俗的事情”的文章。

3.但很快,这种为了赢得男性欢心而刻意追求"好嫁风"的做法在网上遭到中国年轻人的抨击。

In the story, Chen said an independent woman would not take marriage as the only thing that mattered in her life. She will not dress up for marriage. Nowadays, only ignorant people would believe that marriage is more important than work to a woman.

But intentionally following the style to win popularity among men was soon attacked by young Chinese people on the internet.

陈苍苍写道,独立女性不会把婚姻作为人生中唯一重要的事情。她不会为了嫁人而打扮自己。如今,只有无知者才会相信对于女人来说婚姻比工作更重要。

语言点:“抨击”attack。

Many women also disliked the look and the intention to win men's hearts through one's style of dress.

4. 着装更多是一种显示穿衣者品味和个性的方式。

许多女性也无法认同这种造型,以及靠穿衣风格讨异性欢心的动机。

Nowadays, clothesare more like a way to show the wearer's taste and character.

"I would rather not get married than pick up 'easy to get married' style," a Douban user Jimaojianzi said.

语言点:“更多是”be more like。

网友“Jimaojianzi”称:“我宁肯嫁不出去也不想穿‘好嫁风’。”

5. 对于大部分中国"职业女性"或"职场母亲"而言,"女为悦己者容"已经成为历史

Although most female netizens said they would rather be themselves, some people showed suspicion.

To a large number of Chinese women who are "working girls" and "working mothers", dressing up for men has become an old story.

尽管很多女性网民认为,她们更想做自己,但也有人提出了质疑。

语言点:将“已成为历史”巧妙处理为 become  an old story。

"Don't undervalue the intention to wear clothes according to guys' taste. Both men and women would deck for their beloved ones and to make them happy. Who else they can dress up for? Animals?” said a netizen named Jason in a comment on Douban.

网友“Jason”表示:“不要看不起按男性审美穿衣的做法。男人和女人都要为他们爱的人打扮自己,讨对方欢心。我们还能为了谁打扮呢?动物吗?”

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