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原标题:法语中的撇号怎样运用,双语阅读

浏览次数:58 时间:2019-05-04

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学了这么多年英语,你真的会使用英语中的撇号吗?各种所有格和动词缩略语怎么写又是正确的呢?

The Use of Numbers in Essays and Reports

学了这么多年英语,你真的会使用英语中的撇号吗?各种所有格和动词缩略语怎么写又是正确的呢?来看看知名英文学习视频博主Lucy怎么说。

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Numbers should be expressed in words unless they are:
Greater than or equal to 10, ages, times of day, dates, percentages, ratios, fractions or decimals, exact sums of money, scores and points on a measurement scale, page numbers, series of four or more items, numbers grouped for comparison if any is greater than or equal to ten, sample or population sizes.
If a sentence begins with a number, then that number should be expressed in words.
When writing numbers in words, you must use hyphens when the number is made up of more than one word.

The possessive case

The possessive case 所有格

How to correct use contraction?

所有格

The possessive case is used to show a relationship of belonging between one thing and another。

Add 's to the end of the word if the word is in singular form ,even if the word ends in the letter s
Add 's to the plural form of a word if the word does not end in the letter s
Add ' ( an apostrophe) to the end of a plural noun that ends in the letter s
To attribute joint ownership, follow the above apostrophe rules, but add an apostrophe only to the last noun.
(Thomas and Blackmun's experiment)
Worked together to development the experiment
If you want to show possession without joint ownership, each noun needs to be given an apostrophe according to the above rules.
(Thomas's anexpermientsd Blackmun's )
Conducted different experiments separately
Do Not Add an apostrophe to the end of possessive pronouns.

The possessive case is used to show a relationship of belonging between one thing and another.

所有格形式用来表述两件事物之间的归属关系。

所有格形式用来表述两件事物之间的归属关系。

To form the possessive, an apostrophe and an ‘s’ is added to the noun。 For example, if a ball belongs to the dog it is the dog‘s ball。

To form the possessive, an apostrophe and an 's' is added to the noun. For example, if a ball belongs to the dog it is the dog's ball.

为了构成所有格,名词后面要加撇号和s。比如一个球属于一只狗,那就是dog‘s ball。

为了构成所有格,名词后面要加撇号和s。比如一个球属于一只狗,那就是dog's ball。

However the rule becomes more complicated once it is applied to a noun ending in the letter ‘s’。

However the rule becomes more complicated once it is applied to a noun ending in the letter 's'.

但用于以s结尾的名词时,使用规则就会变得更加复杂。

但用于以s结尾的名词时,使用规则就会变得更加复杂。

The same principle applies but some people might choose to remove the second ‘s’。

The same principle applies but some people might choose to remove the second 's'.

这时适用于同样的规则,但一些人可能会把第二个s省去。

这时适用于同样的规则,但一些人可能会把第二个s省去。

For example, to refer to the part played by the actress, it could be ‘the actress’s part‘ or ’the actress‘ part’。

For example, to refer to the part played by the actress, it could be 'the actress's part' or 'the actress' part'.

比如,当指某位女演员表演的部分时,可以说是the actress‘s part或者the actress’ part。

比如,当指某位女演员表演的部分时,可以说是the actress's part或者the actress' part。

Some people are guided in whether or not to include the ‘s’ by how the word is pronounced。

Some people are guided in whether or not to include the 's' by how the word is pronounced.

一些人按照单词的发音来确定是否添加s。

一些人按照单词的发音来确定是否添加s。

Lucy said the most important thing to do is to remain consistent in your style and to choose one form throughout a piece of text。

Lucy said the most important thing to do is to remain consistent in your style and to choose one form throughout a piece of text.

露西说,最重要的是自己的文体保持一致,整篇文章选用一种写法。

露西说,最重要的是自己的文体保持一致,整篇文章选用一种写法。

The rule is clearer with a plural noun as only an apostrophe should be added。

The rule is clearer with a plural noun as only an apostrophe should be added.

当复数名词需要添加撇号时,规则就清晰多了。

当复数名词需要添加撇号时,规则就清晰多了。

For example, the house belonging to your grandparents would be your ‘grandparents’ house‘, rather than ’your grandparents‘s house’。

For example, the house belonging to your grandparents would be your 'grandparents' house', rather than 'your grandparents's house'.

比如,这间房子属于你的祖父母,应该写成your grandparents‘ house而不是your grandparents’s house

比如,这间房子属于你的祖父母,应该写成your grandparents' house而不是your grandparents's house

If comparing two nouns with possessive pronouns, you don‘t always need to repeat the second noun but would still use the apostrophe。

If comparing two nouns with possessive pronouns, you don't always need to repeat the second noun but would still use the apostrophe.

在比较包含物主代词的两个名词时,通常无需重复第二个名词,但仍需使用撇号。

在比较包含物主代词的两个名词时,通常无需重复第二个名词,但仍需使用撇号。

For example, you don‘t need to say ’my house is smaller than my parents‘ house’, and can instead just say ‘my house is smaller than my parents’。‘

For example, you don't need to say 'my house is smaller than my parents' house', and can instead just say 'my house is smaller than my parents'.'

比如,你不用说my house is smaller than my parents‘ house,而只要说my house is smaller than my parents’(我的房子比父母的房子小)。

比如,你不用说my house is smaller than my parents' house,而只要说my house is smaller than my parents'(我的房子比父母的房子小)。

With nouns that have multiple owners, the last owner would take possesion, so Lucy and Aly‘s cat not Lucy’s and Aly‘s cat。

With nouns that have multiple owners, the last owner would take possesion, so Lucy and Aly's cat not Lucy's and Aly's cat.

如果某件物品有多个所有者,要在最后一个所有者那里添加所有格形式,所以露西和爱丽的猫要写成Lucy and Aly‘s cat 而不是Lucy’s and Aly‘s cat。

如果某件物品有多个所有者,要在最后一个所有者那里添加所有格形式,所以露西和爱丽的猫要写成Lucy and Aly's cat 而不是Lucy's and Aly's cat。

But if the noun is owned separately it would be Lucy‘s and Aly’s cats。

But if the noun is owned separately it would be Lucy's and Aly's cats.

但如果物品是分开所有的,就要写成Lucy‘s and Aly’s cats(露西和爱丽的猫咪们)。

但如果物品是分开所有的,就要写成Lucy's and Aly's cats(露西和爱丽的猫咪们)。

Verb contractions 动词缩略形式

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Verb contractions

Verb contractions, which are sometimes called ‘short forms’, commonly combine a pronoun or noun and a verb, or a verb and not, in a shorter form。

动词缩略形式

动词缩略形式有时被称为“简易形式”,通常包含一个代词/名词和一个动词,或者是动词和not的缩写形式。

Verb contractions, which are sometimes called 'short forms', commonly combine a pronoun or noun and a verb, or a verb and not, in a shorter form.

The first use produces words such as ‘she’ll‘, which combines the noun ’she‘ with ’will‘, used to express the future tense。

动词缩略形式有时被称为“简易形式”,通常包含一个代词/名词和一个动词,或者是动词和not的缩写形式。

第一种用法比如she‘ll,是名词she和will的缩写,用于表达将来时。

The first use produces words such as 'she'll', which combines the noun 'she' with 'will', used to express the future tense.

The second use is seen in words like ‘can’t‘ - can and not - or ’wouldn‘t’ - would not。

第一种用法比如she'll,是名词she和will的缩写,用于表达将来时。

第二种用法比如can‘t (can和not的缩写)和wouldn’t(would和not的缩写)。

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While they are common in everyday speech, they are frowned upon in formal writing。

The second use is seen in words like 'can't' - can and not - or 'wouldn't' - would not.

尽管这在日常用语中很常见,但在正式书写中却让人挠头。

第二种用法比如can't (can和not的缩写)和wouldn't(would和not的缩写)。

These are particularly true of contractions that combine pronouns with ‘would’ or ‘had’。

While they are common in everyday speech, they are frowned upon in formal writing.

这种形式在代词和would或had结合是尤其常见。

尽管这在日常用语中很常见,但在正式书写中却让人挠头。

One might say ‘Mum’d‘ instead of ’Mum would‘ in informal conversation, for example, but would not write it。

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比如在非正式的对话中,有人可能会说Mum‘d而不是Mum would,但书写时不会这么写。

These are particularly true of contractions that combine pronouns with 'would' or 'had'.

Common mistakes 常见错误

这种形式在代词和would或had结合是尤其常见。

The addition of apostrophes can lead to people becoming mixed-up between homophones - words that have the same pronunciation but different meanings。

One might say 'Mum'd' instead of 'Mum would' in informal conversation, for example, but would not write it.

添加撇号会让人们把同音异义单词搞混,这些单词发音相同,但含义不同。

比如在非正式的对话中,有人可能会说Mum'd而不是Mum would,但书写时不会这么写。

One of the most common mistakes is the difference between who‘s and whose。

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最常见的错误是who‘s和whose之间的差异。

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‘Who’s‘ is a contracted form of ’who is‘ while ’whose‘ is the possessive form of the pronoun ’who‘。

Common mistakes

Who‘s是who is的缩略形式,而whose是代词who的所有格形式。

常见错误

‘You’re‘ and ’your‘ create similar problems for native and second language English speakers。

The addition of apostrophes can lead to people becoming mixed-up between homophones - words that have the same pronunciation but different meanings.

不管是对于英语母语者还是把英语作为第二语言的人来说,you‘re和your也存在类似的问题。

添加撇号会让人们把同音异义单词搞混,这些单词发音相同,但含义不同 。

One of the most common mistakes is the difference between who's and whose.

最常见的错误是who's和whose之间的差异。

'Who's' is a contracted form of 'who is' while 'whose' is the possessive form of the pronoun 'who'.

Who's是who is的缩略形式,而whose是代词who的所有格形式。

'You're' and 'your' create similar problems for native and second language English speakers.

不管是对于英语母语者还是把英语作为第二语言的人来说,you're和your也存在类似的问题。

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